Monday, October 23, 2017

3.3 Signed Legislation

How a Bill Becomes a Law:

Directions: Watch the video regarding bills becoming laws. Then go to the government's official website to update the public on newly signed bills Signed Legislation. View some of the newly signed bills.  Answer the questions below. Post your answers by Wednesday 11/16. Comment on a classmate's post by Friday 11/18.Watch the video regarding bills becoming laws. Answer the questions below. Post your answers.


Questions:

  1. Why does the Constitution allow the President to veto a law or act passed by Congress? 
  2. Explain why the Presidential action of a veto,  works as  "checks and balances."
  3. Describe how a bill can become a law without the President's signature.
  4. Scan the list of Signed LegislationWhich branches of government passed the bill.   
  5. While you are on the Legislation website, select a law that in your opinion is the most beneficial to society. Explain your answer.

3.2 Powers of Congress

Powers of Congress: The Constitution gives powers to the Congress in three ways: through the expressed, or clearly stated, powers, through the implied, powers deducted form the clearly stated powers, through the inherent powers, those possessed by all sovereign states.

Image result for image of congress
Directions: Go to the U.S History website and read the Article I of the Constititution by clicking on this link:  Congress: The People's Government. Then view the video, "How Is Power Divided in the United States Government?" Now you are ready to answer the questions below in complete sentences. Post your responses. Comment on another student response. 

Questions:

1. Describe  the 2 branches of the Legislative Branch United States government and the primary functions they perform.

2. Which House has the power to impeach the president? Describe what circumstances outlined in Article I would warrant the impeachment proceedings.

3. List the steps that must be taken for a bill to become a law when the bill does not have the President's signature.

4. Which branch shares foreign relations powers with Congress?
Why do you thing this power is shared?

5. Section 8 of Article I states, "The Congress shall have Power to lay and collect Taxes," list several circumstances in which Congress can exercise the power to tax.

6. In your opinion in our present day where do you see an example of Congress exercising its power as outlined by Article I.  

3.1 Suffrage

Directions: Go to the government website in which the 15th Amendment is discussed and read the article about Voting Amendments in America. Answer the questions below, post your responses. Respond to a classmate on or before Friday 10/27.

Suffrage and Civil Rights




Questions:
1. Define the word suffrage.
2. Compare the groups historically denied expansion of suffrage in the United States? Why were certain groups historically prevented from voting?
3. Soon you will be able to vote, what must you consider before you register to vote? Visit the U.S.government website on voter registration requirements. Explain the necessary steps one must take to register to vote, voter i.d. requirements and voter age requirements.
4. Now that you are on the U.S. Gov voter website, what advice is provided for selecting a candidate in the article on How to judge a candidate.How to judge a candidate?
5. What would factors would you consider when judging a candidate and why?

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Month 2 .4 How do you exercise the First Amendment?

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Established in the First Amendment

Directions: 

Watch the Five Rights video. Answer the questions below. Post your answer.


  1. How can you exercise each of the rights protected in the First Amendment in school?
  2. For each of the 5 freedoms listed below, write two or three sentences explaining how you personally exercise this right.
  3. Think of a current event in the news, describe the current event and explain how it relates to the First Amendment.
  4. Comment on a fellow student's post


Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people 
peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.



Monday, September 25, 2017

Study Guide Chapters 1-18

Gearing Up For Your Government Final:

Save the date for midterms/final 
MONDAY, JANUARY 16, 2018 9AM-2PM
Image result for IMAGES THE EARLY BIRD CATCHES THE WORM
The early bird gets the worm.....

Directions: Please find below your Government Study Guide. Start studying now for best results by completing the study guide. The completed study guide must be handwritten as well in order to earn extra credit. 

Final Exam Study Guide


Extra Credit
* Turn in the completed study guide and online chapter quizzes before the midterm 


Chapter 1 – Principles of Government
Section 1
Define government and the basic powers every government holds.
Identify the four defining characteristics of the state.
Section 2
Explain the difference between democracy and dictatorship.
Explain the difference between a unitary, federal, and confederate government.
Explain the difference between a presidential and parliamentary government.
Section 3
Identify and explain the five basic concepts of democracy.

Chapter 2 - Origins of American Government
Section 1
Identify the three basic ideas of government that influenced government in the English colonies.
Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents: the Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, the English Bill of Rights.
Section 2
Explain the essential ideas in the Declaration of Independence.
Summarize the common features of the first State constitutions.
Section 3
Describe the structure of the government set up under the Articles of Confederation.
Explain the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
Section 4
Compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan for a new constitution.
Summarize the major compromises that the delegates agreed to make and the effects of those compromises.
Section 4
Explain the Federalists and Anti-Federalists positions on the Constitution.

Chapter 3 – The Constitution
Section 1
Identify the important elements of the Constitution.
Explain the six basic principles of the Constitution.
Section 2
Identify the four different ways by which the Constitution may be formally changed.
Explain the purpose of the Bill of Rights.
Section 3
Explain how the Constitution has been changed by legislation, executive action, and court decisions.

Chapter 4 – Federalism
Section 1
Define federalism and explain why the Framers of the Constitution chose this system of government.
Identify powers delegated to and denied to the National Government.
Identify powers reserved for and denied to the States.
Explain exclusive and concurrent powers.
Section 2
Identify three obligations that the Constitution places on the National Government for the benefit of the States.
Section 3
Explain why States make interstate compacts.

Chapter 5 – Political Parties
Section 1
Define a political party.
Describe the major functions of political parties.
Section 2
Explain why the United States has a two-party system.
Section 3
Explain the origins of political parties in the United States.
Section 4
Identify the types of minor parties that have been active in American politics.
Explain the importance of minor parties.
Section 5
Identify the main elements of major party organization at the national level.

Chapter 6 – Voters and Voter Behavior
Section 1
Summarize the history of voting rights in the United States.
Explain the constitutional restrictions on the States’ power to set voting qualifications.
Section 2
Identify the universal requirements for voting in the United States.
Section 3
Describe the 15th amendment and the tactics that were used to circumvent it in an effort to deny African Americans the vote.
Explain the major civil rights laws enacted since 1950.
Section 4
Identify people who do not vote.
Explain factors that influence voting behavior.

Chapter 7 – The Electoral Process
Section 1
Explain why the nominating process is a critical first step in the election process.
Describe the ways to nominate a candidate.
Section 2
Explain how the administration of elections helps make democracy work.
Identify the various ways in which voters can cast their ballots.
Section 3
Describe the various sources of funding for campaign funding.
Identify ways that campaign financing is regulated.
Explain hard money and soft money.

Chapter 8 – Mass Media and Public Opinion
Section 1
Explain public opinion and identify factors that shape it.
Section 2
Identify the steps of the polling process.
Section 3
Explain how mass media influences politics.

Chapter 9 – Interest Groups
Section 1
Describe the role of interest groups in influencing public policy.
Compare and Contrast political parties and interest groups.
Section 2
Describe four categories of groups based on economic interests.
Identify other types of interest groups.
Section 3
Explain interest groups’ three major goals in influencing public opinion.
Explain how interest groups use propaganda.
Explain how lobbying is used to influence public policy.

Chapter 10 – Congress
Section 1
Describe a term of Congress and the different types of sessions.
Section 2
Describe the size and the elective terms of the members of the House.
Explain how House seats are reapportioned among the states after each census.
Identify the qualifications for election to the House.

Compare the size and term of the Senate to that of the House of Representatives.
Identify the qualifications for election to the Senate.
Section 4
Describe the duties performed by those who serve in Congress.

Chapter 11 – Powers of Congress
Section 1
Identify the three types of congressional power.
Compare the strict construction and liberal construction position on the scope of congressional power.
Section 2
Summarize key points relating to Congress’s power to tax.
Explain Congress’s other powers: borrowing, commerce, and currency.
Section 3
Identify the key sources of Congress’s foreign relations power.
Describe the power-sharing arrangement between Congress and the President on the issues of war and national defense.
List other key powers exercised by Congress.
Section 4
Explain how the Necessary and Proper Clause gives Congress flexibility in lawmaking.
Section 5
Describe Congress’s role in amending the Constitution, deciding elections, and impeaching.
Describe Congress’s executive and investigatory powers.

Chapter 12 – Congress in Action
Section 1
Describe how and when Congress convenes.
Compare the roles of the presiding officers in the Senate and the House.
Identify the duties of the party officers in Congress.
Describe how committee chairmen are chosen and explain their role in the legislative process.
Section 2
Explain how the standing committees function.
Describe the duties and responsibilities of the House Rules Committee
Compare the functions of joint and conference committees.
Section 3
Identify the types of bills and resolutions that can be introduced.
Explain what happens to a bill once it is referred to a committee.
Explain how House leaders schedule debate on a bill.
Explain what happens to a bill on the House floor, and identify the final step in the passage of a bill in the House.
Section 4
Explain how a bill is introduced in the Senate.
Compare the Senate’s rules for debate with those in the House.
Describe the role of conference committees in the legislative process.
Identify the actions the President can take after both houses have passed a bill.

Chapter 13 – The Presidency
Section 1
Identify the roles of the President.
Identify the qualifications to become President.
Identify the length of the President’s term.
Section 2
Explain how the Constitution provides for presidential succession and presidential disability.
Describe the role of the Vice President.
Section 3
Explain the original provisions for choosing the President.
Identify ways the presidential election process change as a result of 1800.
Section 4
Describe the role of conventions in the presidential nominating process.
Explain the role of presidential primaries.
Explain the role of the caucus-convention process.
Section 5
Describe the flaws in the electoral college.

Chapter 14 – The Presidency in Action
Section 1
Explain why Article II of the Constitution can be described as “an outline.”
Section 2
Identify the source of the President’s power to execute federal law.
Define the ordinance power and explain where it comes from.
Explain how the appointing power works.
Section 3
Explain how treaties are made and approved.
Explain why and how executive agreements are made.
Explain the power of recognition.
Describe the powers that the President has as commander-in-chief.
Section 4
Describe the President’s two major legislative powers.
Describe the President’s major judicial powers.

Chapter 15 – Government at Work: The Bureaucracy
Section 1
Define a bureaucracy and identify its three features.
Section 2
Describe the Executive Office of the President and identify its three agencies.
Section 3
Describe the work of the executive departments.
Section 4
Explain why Congress has created independent agencies.
Section 5
Explain the purpose of the civil service system.

Chapter 16 – Financing Government
Section 1
Explain how and why the Constitution gives Congress the power to tax.
Identify the most significant federal taxes collected today.
Section 2
List the nontax sources of Federal Government.
Describe federal borrowing.
Section 3
Identify the key elements of federal spending.

Chapter 17 – Foreign Policy and National Defense
Section 1
Define foreign policy and understand the difference between isolationism and internationalism.
Explain the roles of the Department of State and the Department of Defense.
Section 2
Identify other agencies that contribute to the nation’s security.
Section 3
Section 4
Identify the two types of foreign aid.

Chapter 18 – The Federal Court System
Section 1
Describe the structure of the national judiciary.
Identify the criteria that determine whether a case is within federal court jurisdiction.
Explain the process for appointing federal judges.
Identify the terms of office for federal judges.
Section 2
Describe the jurisdiction of the federal district courts and the federal courts of appeals.
Section 3
Define the concept of judicial review.
Describe the scope of the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction.
Explain how cases reach the Supreme Court.
Explain how the Court Operates.
Section 4


Explain the role of special courts and identify the major special courts.

Month 2.3 The Electoral Process

The Electoral Process



Read the Following Article: 
Have you ever been to the Electoral College???? Of course you have not because the Electoral College is not a place, it is a process. The Electoral College is a unique system outlined in our Constituition. Read the article below taken from https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/about.html

The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress.
The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes.
Under the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution, the District of Columbia is allocated 3 electors and treated like a state for purposes of the Electoral College. For this reason, in the following discussion, the word “state” also refers to the District of Columbia.
Each candidate running for President in your state has his or her own group of electors. The electors are generally chosen by the candidate’s political party, but state laws vary on how the electors are selected and what their responsibilities are. Read more about the qualifications of the Electors and restrictions on who the Electors may vote for.
The presidential election is held every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. You help choose your state’s electors when you vote for President because when you vote for your candidate you are actually voting for your candidate’s electors. (downloaded from: archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/about.html, 10/24/2014) 

Watch the Following Clips:

Watch the following clip on how the Electoral College functions at:
1.     http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/electoral-college/about.html    (Federal Gov Archives)
2.     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCjWPo70XZY       (Disney Education)

Please respond to the following questions:

  1. In your own words, describe how Electoral College functions?
  2. What factors caused the Founding Fathers to creat the Electoral College?
  3. Article II Amendment Respond to one post of a fellow student

Month 2.2 How would you vote?

How Would You Vote?

This class is about American Government in preparation for you to become a voting American citizen. The next Presidential election is in 2020....and you will be eligible to vote. Which of the potential candidates resonate with your ideology and views on political issue. So how would you vote? Take the following online survery.


  1. Go to www.politicalcompass.org 
  2. On the left side of the web page in the green column, you will see a blue link that reads “Take the test” (it is the second link). Click on that. 
  3. Answer the questions on all six pages of the test (take your best shot – some are a little confusing ), and then click on the button that reads “Now let’s see where you stand.” 
  4. A page will appear that reads “About the Political Compass.” Scroll down until you see the heading that reads “Your Political Compass” with a graph underneath it. 
  5. Click on the blue link below your graph that reads, “Show graph on a separate page for printing.” Answer the following questions and post your answer.
  • Look at your graph and answer the following questions as a blog post:
  • Where do you fall on the graph? Describe your placement.
  • What famous political figure do you stand nearest to?What personal experiences have helped shape your ideology stand?
  1. SINCE YOU’RE ONLINE ANYWAY, DO ONE MORE FUN THING: proceed to www.selectsmart.com/president
  2.  Take the quiz – make sure to indicate both your issue position AND the level of importance! Then click “Show My Results” and print out the results!
  3. Answer the following questions: 
  •  Which potential presidential candidates most and least match your positions?
  • Any surprises?
  • Which issues are a priority to you and why?